Strategi Survival Gelandangan di Kota Manado

Tateki Yoga Tursilarini

Abstract

The existence of homeless in municipal society is unwanted, they are identical with group which is difficult to be arrange, has their own value, and having rather negative attitude. The research is to describe factors they become and several strategies they can survive living in the city. Data resources are gathered from homeless, related institution commiting in homeless such as social agencies (municipality and province), police office, Pelita Kasih Non-government Organization, and Commision for Children Protection. Data are gathered through interview, focus group discussion, observation, and documentary analysis techniques. Data gathered are analyzed through qualitative and quantitative techniques. The factors they become homeless are caused by selves internal conditions, such as physical, visional, and leprousy handicap. The external factors are family conflict, economic presure, educational and skill limited. The homeless hold several strategies, sort of luring compasionate, feeling enough to eat, set their own value and norm, change their place every time, create their own job, snap the chance if it is possible, follow government program, and solidarity among them. It is recommended that social agency and related institutions under local government, as policy makers, should put forward: the homeless social needs based on their own, looking homeless wholy as humankind from physical, psichological, and social aspect to develop municipality as a whole community. For the people around the homeless are expected to give chance and room for the homeless existence.

Keywords

survivalization;homeless;municipality

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alkostar Artidjo. 1984. Potret Kehidupan Gelandangan Kasus Ujung Pandang dan Yogyakarta. Jakarta: LP3ES.

.......... 1980. Insan Kesepian dalam Keramaian: telaah tentang gelandangan di Ujung Pandang. Yogyakarta : UII Press.

……... 1984. Advokasi Anak Jalanan. Jakarta: Rajawali.

Ali Marpudji dkk. 1990. Gelandangan di Kartosuro dalam Monografi 3 Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Muhamadiyah.

Irwan Abdullah. 2008 dalam Maghfur Ahmad. Strategi Kelangsungan Hidup Gepeng. Jurnal Penelitian Vol 7. No 2 Nopember 2010.

Jang A. Muttalib dan Sudjarwo. 1988. Gelandangan dalam Kancah Revolusi dalam Paulus Widiyanto. Gelandangan Pandangan Ilmuwan Sosial. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Kartini Kartono. 1985. Psikologi Abnormal dan Pathologi Sosial. Bandung: IKAPI.

Muthalib dan Sudjarwo dalam Ali Marpudji dkk. 1990. Gelandangan di Kartosuro dalam Monografi 3. Surakarta. Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Muhamadiyah.

Maghfur Saan. Fenomena Anak Punk Pekalongan http://www.suaramerdeka.com/smcetak/index.php?fuseaction=beritacetakdetailberitacetak & id_beritacetak=112826, akses 12 Okt 2010.

Onghokam. 1988. Gelandangan Sepanjang Zaman dalam Paulus Widi yanto. Gelandangan Pandangan Ilmuwan Sosial. Jakarta:LP3ES.

Suparlan. Parsudi. 1993. Orang Gelandangan di Jakarta: Politik Pada Golongan Termiskin. Dalam Parsudi Suparlan (ed). Kemiskinan di Perkotaan. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

........... 1988. Gelandangan Sebuah Konsekuensi Perkembangan Kota dalam Paulus Widiyanto. Gelandangan Pandangan Ilmuwan Sosial. Jakarta:LP3ES.

Sadli. Saparinah. 1988. Perilaku Gelandangan dan Penanggulangannya dalam Paulus Widiyanto. Gelandangan Pandangan Ilmuwan Sosial, Jakarta: LP3ES.

Suprihadi. 1998. dalam Maghfur Ahmad. Strategi Kelangsungan Hidup Gepeng. Jurnal Penelitian Vol 7.No 2 Nopember 2010.

Vembriarto. ST. 1984. Kapita Selekta Pendidikan. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Pendidikan Paramita.

Wirosardjono dalam Ali Marpudji. dkk. 1990. Gelandangan di Kartosuro dalam Monografi 3. Surakarta: Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Muhamadiyah.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.