Fenomena Kekerasan Seksual terhadap Anak di Ranah Domestik dan Upaya Penanganan Korban

Trilaksmi Udiati, Ani Mardiyati

Abstract

This study aims to identify and describe objectively the causal factors, the impact of the occurrence of sexual violence against children in the domestic sphere and the effort in handling of victims. The research location which was in Surabaya City, East Java Province, was determined based on data from the National Committee of Women and Children, in which Surabaya had higher level of violence against children than that of in DKI Jakarta. Primary data sources (informants) were victims, victims’ families, community leaders in the neighborhood of victims, Child Welfare Institution (P2TP2A/PPT East Java, Genta, Savy Amira, Surabaya Hotline, and LPA), relevant government officials (City/Provinces, Women’s and Children’s Protection Unit UPPA Polresta Surabaya, the Body of Society Empowerment and Family Planning of the City/Province concerned). Techniques of collecting data from informants are interviews, observation, and documents study. The data was analyzed by using qualitative approach with descriptive interpretation technique. The results of this study concluded that the disclosure of cases on sexual violence in the domestic domain was categorized within the case of domestic home violence, and was not documented in full detail report so that it had not clearly recorded the identity of the perpetrator, the victims, the form of sexual violence, the relationship between the perpetrator and the victims yet. The impartiality of the community or the society, of law enforcers and stakeholders on victims that was considered to be the triggers of sexual violence so that perpetrators could not be charged guilty under the law. There has not been an integrated database yet so that each institution of handling domestic sexual violence has its own data version. It caused the data that was presented was ambiguous or not valid quantitatively. Efforts in handling
domestic sexual violence either as a prevention or as repressive ones (recovery of victims’ mental, psychological and social condition) need to be improved in its coordination with related parties, especially with the government which functions as a regulator, its coordination and guidance as well as support to institutions handling sexual violence. The need for budget support from District Expenses Budget Allocation (APBD), from Country Expenses Budget Allocation (APBN), and that of from business sectors, from community and family involvement as partners in handling sexual violence.

Keywords

domestic sexual violence; child; victim handling

Full Text:

PDF

References

Bagong Suyanto dan Sutinah. (2010). Metode Penelitian

Sosial, Berbagai Alternatif Pendekatan. Jakarta:

Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Hudiono, Esti S. (2013). Perlindungan Anak dari Eksploitasi Seksual di Kota Surabaya, Sebuah Perspektif Organisasi Masyarakat Sipil. Yogyakarta: CV Aswaja Pressindo.

Hudiono, Esti S. dan Setiawan, Yoel. (2015). Perlindungan Khusus Pada Anak: Dialog Pengalaman Dengan Teori. Yogyakarta: CV Aswaja Pressindo.

Jenny Marsh. (1989). Stepping Out: Inses Info For Girl. USA: Millennium Books.

Munandar Sulaeman dan Siti Homzah. (2010). Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan Tinjauan dalam Berbagai Disiplin Ilmu dan Kasus Kekerasan. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif Dan R D. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suharsimi Arikunto. (1992). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Trilaksmi Udiati dan Siti Wahyu Iryani. (2016). Kekerasan Seksual Terhadap Anak Di Ranah Publik. Yogyakarta: Total Media.

Suharsimi Arikunto. (2000). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Suryani. (————). Benarkah Faktor Gender Berperan Dalam Pengungkapan Kekerasan Seksual Anak? Studi Meta Analisis. Jurnal Psikologi volume 36, No. 1, 55-72. Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Tower. (2002). Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect. Boston: Allyn & Bacon A Pearson Education Company.

Tursilarini, Tateki Y. Dan Trilaksmi Udiati. (2016). Inses Di Ranah Domestik. Yogyakarta: Total Media.

Unicef. (2000). Domestic Agains Women and Girl. Florence, Italy: United Nations Children’s Fund Innocenti Research Centre.

Luthfi Seli F.(2008). Inses : Hubungan Seksual Sedarah. https://lithfis. Wordpress.com/2008/05/11/inses-

Hubungan-seksual-sedarah. Akses Bulan Januari 2018.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.