Pemberdayaan Keluarga Miskin Tenaga Kerja Wanita (TKW) melalui Model Pelayanan dan Perlindungan Sosial Anak Balita Terlantar

Ikawati Ikawati, Tri Gutomo
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Abstract

The research on empowerment of poor families women labors through service and social protection of children underfive is to examine the acceptability, applicability, effectivity, and to find the supporting and handicap factors in applying the model on service and social protection on children underfive of poor women labor families. The research used is an experimental one group pre-test post-test design. Research location are chosen purposively, based on problem solving of the previous research (2010). Research subjects are chosen purposively, they are work group consisting individual, community member group, organization, and related institutions commited to neglected children. Based on that method, taken 30 respondents and children underfive of women labor families left by their mother working abroad, and women labor families each 30 respondents. Data are gathered through test, interview, and observation. Data are analyzed through comparation test (t-test) and Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, dan Threath (SWOT) techniques to see its supporting and handicap factors. After undergoing an experimentation, the model has shown acceptable, applicable, and effective in all research target, work group, neglected children underfive of women labor families, and their families. The model applicated is able to empower poor women labor families enhacing their knowledge and reference on children growth, role and family function, and any efforts to prevent children from negligence in women labor families.The existence of related institutions, work group, and community willing to applicate the model were supporting factor of the model, while its handicap factors are there is yet local regulation especially overseing the problem of children underfive from women labor families, inadequasy of knowledge and reference in the community, and there is yet data on the quantity of vulnerable children underfive from poor women labor families. It is recommended that the model that is proved its acceptability, applicability, and effectiveness be socialized to Directory of Children Welfare and Directory General of Social Rehabilitation, The Ministry of Social Affairs, and diseminate of the model so that can be applicated in all regions.

Keywords

women labor families empowerment;social protection and service ;children underfive

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