PERANAN PEKERJA SOSIAL DALAM PENANGANAN ANAK KORBAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL SODOMI

Main Article Content

Husmiati Husmiati

Abstract

AbstrakArtikel ini mencoba membahas isu kekerasan seksual sodomi pada anak-anak dalam perspektif pekerjaan sosial. Isu pencabulan atau penyimpangan seksual adalah merupakan satu fenomena negatif manusia yang berlaku pada masa kini secara global. Salah satu isu pencabulan seks yang tengah marak  dengan kondisi dunia secara global adalah isu sodomi. Di Indonesia berbagai kasus sodomi dapat diikuti perkembangannya melalui media massa maupun media sosial. korban  sodomi  sering kali melibatkan anak-anak dibawah umur. pelaku yang terlibat dalam kasus sodomi ini juga perlu segera ditangani karena akan memberi pengaruh secara psikologis pada korban, karena sebagian besar korban adalah anak-anak yang notabene harus mendapatkan perlindungan. Adapun factor penyebab terjadinya sodomi ini antara lain: (1) faktor internal, karena tekanan emosi, nafsu seksual yang tidak terkendali, dll. (2) orang tua, yang tidak bisa membimbing dan memberikan perhatian. (3) sosial, dimana masyarakat yang mengasingkan, pengaruh pergaulan bebas, peer group yang salah. (4) dampak kemajuan teknologi. Adapun dampak psikologis pada anak-anak sebagai korban sodomi diantaranya: (1). Post Trauma Strees Disorder, dengan gejala seperti “flashbackâ€, menarik diri, distress dan lebih agresif daripada sebelumnya, halusinasi. (2). Phobia dan mengalami kecemasan (anxiety). (3). Depresi. (4) perubahan kepribadian dan tingkahlaku. Intervensi psikososial yang dapat dilakukan pada korban adalah terapi: (1)  terapi tingkahlaku, (2) terapi kelompok.  Dan konseling: (1) konseling krisis. (2) konseling penyediaan layanan. (3) konseling perkembangan, dan (4) konseling pencegahan. Sodomi perlu ditangani secara komprehensif sebab akan menyebabkan berbagai dampak negatif terhadap korban baik dari segi fisik, mental dan emosi yang dapat menyebabkan lagi kejahatan lain  atau hal yang menyalahi norma masyarakat.  Kata Kunci: sodomi, kekerasan seksual, anak-anak, intervensi psikososial, pekerjaan sosial.

Article Details

How to Cite
Husmiati, H. (2017). PERANAN PEKERJA SOSIAL DALAM PENANGANAN ANAK KORBAN KEKERASAN SEKSUAL SODOMI. Sosio Informa: Kajian Permasalahan Sosial Dan Usaha Kesejahteraan Sosial, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.33007/inf.v3i2.892
Section
Articles
Author Biography

Husmiati Husmiati, Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesejahteraan Sosial Kementerian Sosial RI

peneliti madya kemsos

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