Toton Witono


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Strength-based model is the distinctive characteristic of social work compared to other
helping professions. In the phase of assessment and intervention, clients’ spirituality is the
strength for social workers to take into account in practice. Spiritual dimension is essential
in understanding clients and addressing their problems as well as developing their spiritual
growth. The problem is that it is hard to find forms of spirituality-based assessment and
intervention. It is also not easy to implement spiritually sensitive practice by modifying the
existing assessment and intervention models because of the lack of capacity. For this reason,
the author raises a number of models or approaches of such spiritually sensitive practice,
especially in dealing with the elderly mental health, developed by the Western scholars. It is
aimed at recognizing these forms as examples for Indonesian practitioners to learn. Then,
they are expected to build their own formats which are suitable for their circumstances.

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